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A glance at Lampung

Geographical location

Climate

History of Lampung

Adat and culture

Handycraft of Lampung

Museum Sang Bumi Ruwa Jurai

The Krakatau

How to reach AG

Website Lampung Agency for Investment, Culture and Tourism

www.visitlampung.com

Website Government of the Province of Lampung

www.lampung.go.id

A glance at Lampung

The Province derives its name from the ancient tribes that were living in the region which now is the Province of Lampung.
Before the independence Lampung was a region under the authority of a "Resident" with the status of a "Residency" (Residentie Lampoengsche Districten) and devided into several Residencies (Residency Teloekbetung, Residency Metro and Residency Kotabumi).
Before Lampung was given the status of a province it was part of the Province of South-Sumatera.
On 24 March 1964, by bill of law Number 14 of the year 1964, Lampung was made a province with 3 Kabupaten namely South Lampung, Central Lampung and North Lampung.
In accordance with the development of the area, the increase in population, the effectiveness and a more dynamic democracy the province was divided into 10 Kabupaten/Cities by the beginning of the year 2000.
Several cities that were founded in the "transmigration area's" since the first transmigration took place in 1905 have developed rather quickly like for instance Metro, Pringsewu/Bambuseribu and Way Jepara next Sribhawono.
The villages and the ancient cities with their typical traditional features can still be encountered such like Sukadana, Menggala, Kenali, Liwa, Blambangan Umpu a.s.o. Part of these cities became the Capital of the Kabupaten.
The population of Lampung counted at in the year 2014 about 9,5 million souls. The result of the census of 2010 was 7.596.115 souls. Among the current 15 Kabupaten/Cities Central Lampung counted the highest number of inhabitants with 1.449.851 souls whereas the population density in the city of Bandar Lampung reaches to 6.900 inhabitants/Km2.

Geographical location

Indonesia is a state of islands (Archipelago), the biggest in the world, comprising some large isles stretching from the West to the East as far as 5100 Km.
Sumatera, where the Province of Lampung is found is one of the larger islands and is the most Westerly one.
Out of the 9 Provinces of Sumatera Lampung is located at the most southern end of Sumatera bounded to the Isle of Jawa (Province of Banten) with an area of 35.376,5 Km2. This area comprises 54 smaller islands which are located in 2 vast bays namely the Gulf of Lampung and the Gulf Semangka.
The popuplation counts approximately 7 million souls, of which 80 % don't originate from Lampung. The yearly increase in population is 2,67 %.

Climate

The climate of Lampung is in general the same as in the other regions of Indonesia. Lampung which is located below the 5 degree South Latitude owns a wet tropical climate with humid winds from the Indian Ocean characterized by mainly two seasons and an average humidity between 80 and 88 %.

The two seasons are:

  • From November untill/included March when winds blow from Western and South-western directions.
  • From July untill/included August when the winds blow from Eastern to South-eastern directions.

The temperature in Lampung at sealevel to an altitude of about 60 m average between 26 till 28 degrees C as a maximum (and rather seldom reach 33 degrees C) and a minimum temperature of 22 degrees C.

The temperature in Lampung at sealevel to an altitude of about 60 m average between 26 till 28 degrees C as a maximum (and rather seldom reach 33 degrees C) and a minimum temperature of 22 degrees C.

Some regions enjoy a cooler climate such as: Kota Liwa, Sekincau-West Lampung with their coffee and vegatable with temperatures from 15 to 22 degrees C as well as Talang Padang and Gisting, located at the foot of the mountain Tanggamus in the residency of Tanggamus.

History of Lampung

The history of Lampung begins since the era of Hindu-Animism which extended into the XVIth century. The cultural system originated from abroad comprising Hinduism and Buddhism, however the original Malayu-Polynesian traditions were predominant.

The region of Lampung was already well known by foreign people as a country where sea-people were gathering forestrial products long before our era as became clear by ceramic artefacts from the Han-era (206 - 220 bC) and from the end of the Han-era (IInd through VIInd century) as well as from the Ming-era (1368 - 1643 ad).
According reports from the VIInd century from China (China Chronicle) it was told that in the south (Nam-phang) a kingdom existed by the name of "To Lang P'owang" (to = human; Lang P'owang = Lampung).
Without doubt Lampung was inhabited for centuries since Prehistory. This was established by finding historical and cultural remainders like statues and hand-made patterns in megalithics in the neighbourhood of Purawiwitan, Sumberjaya, Kenali, Batubedil and in the municipality of Sekampung Udik (Pugung Raharjo).

In certain area's remainders indicate that Lampung by that time was subordinated to the largest maritime Kingdom of Sriwijaya. Old inscriptions at "Palas Pasema" as well as inscriptions in Batubedil in the Kabupaten of Tanggamus are remainders of the Kingdom Sriwijaya dating back to the VIInd century. The Kingdoms Tulang Bawang and Skalabrak are assumed to be founded in the VIInd and VIIIth century. The centre of the Kingdom Tulang Bawang assumingly was located near Menggala/River Tulang Bawang and Pagar Dewa.

Adat and culture

The social Tradition is based on the location of the domiciles which can be considered to consist of 2 types, that is:

  • the society at the coast of Lampung / Sai Batin
  • the society inland of Lampung / Pepadun

The several inland societies of Lampung strongly hold to the traditional inheritance, whereas in the coastal area's this shows less, due to external contacts and influences, although under circumstances the old traditions still loom up. In the social tradition of  Lampung the leadership constitutes by:

  • the eldest councelor, the one who makes the considerations by himself based on certain terms
  • the other councelors originating from various districts, groupes and tribes 

'Perwatin Adat' or Council of the Eldest presided by the eldest councillor is the highest authority in common traditional law who decides with unamity all kinds of social problems.

In the year 1928 the Government of the Dutch Indies has revised the structure of the districts according traditional administration by issuing the "Reglement voor de Lampoengsche Districten" meaning that Lampung by that time comprised 83 Districts. As much as 78 districts of the 83 showed a majority of original Lampung inhabitants.

Handycraft of Lampung

A certain pattern can often be met in the design of the clothing of the Indonesian ethnic groups and tribes. There are also motives in those designs which usually are painted in a simple shape and then give an impression of their own.

The design and motives in the southern part of Sumatra is usually based on the use of plain cotton wich sometimes also is woven in bright collors such like red, blue ore cream with pictures of vessels, traditional houses, horses, humans and even elephants.

The very old motive however is the shape of a ship. Because of that those fabrics are called "Ships-cloth".

These clothes are usually being woven by women and used for ceremonies of the adat, exhibitions, the reception of high ranking guests, wedding ceremonies according the adat and other adat ceremonies.

Museum Sang Bumi Ruwa Jurai

The Lampung Museum Lampung as a tourtarget is useful as a means of historical education, research and recreation. Located at Jalan Z.A. Pagar Alam it is at about 5 Km from downtown Tanjung Karang and at only 400 m from the busterminal Rajabasa.

The collection which will be encountered consists of objects of Art, antique ceramics from Siam and China dating from the Ming Dynasty, antique stamps and coins from the dutch colonial times, the Japanese occupation time a.s.o. The collections comprise 2893 pieces concerning Geology, Biology, Etnography, Archeology, Art and more.

The Museum Sang Bumi Ruwa Jurai is opened daily except on Monday and important public holidays.

Tuesday thr. Thursday 08.00 13.00 WIB
Friday 08.00 10.00 WIB
Saturday 08.00 12.00 WIB
Sunday 08.00 12.00 WIB
The Krakatau

Krakatau is a group of 4 islands i.e. Pulau Sertung, Pulau Krakatau Besar (Pulau Rakata), Pulau Krakatau Kecil (Pulau panjang) and Pulau Anak Krakatau. Amidst of the three other islands the latter emerged in the year 1927 or 44 years after the terryfying eruption which shocked the world in 1883.

Amongst the four mentioned islands Anak Krakatau is the still active volcano. Sometimes Anak Krakatau erupts with time intervals of 15 to 30 minutes.

The islands of Krakatau are not inhabited but today many tourists  want to ascend and have a closer look on the island of Anak Krakatau which still grows higher every year. The remainders of the eruption and the natural environment can be seen from the top,moreover at sunset it shows a surprising view.

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See also Lampung Timur